Comparison of Simplified and Advanced Simulation of a Fire in a Factory of XPS Panels
This paper presents possible deviations between advanced (performance-based or ‘realistic’) and simplified calculations of initiation and spread of a fire in a factory for the production of insulation panels made of extruded polystyrene (XPS). Simplified procedures, discussed in the paper, are founded on several assumptions regarding the evolution of the fire. They are normally based on a great deal of practical experience of the fire designer and/or reports of eyewitnesses of similar fires. Provided that the latter are easily accessible, such procedures are fast and can provide a reasonably good first impression regarding the expected fire as the paper shows. However, they also almost inevitably lead to temperatures which are somewhat underestimated in the most intense fire phase but are overestimated in the decaying phase. Hence, for a more reliable calculation, advanced procedures are recommended.
Prof. Mosbeh Kaloop
J. Kolšek "Comparison of Simplified and Advanced Simulation of a Fire in a Factory of XPS Panels", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1147, pp. 30-35, 2018