Concretes Using Modified Mineral Extenders
The possibility of modification of mineral extenders with a specific surface of 350 m2/kg with ultraviolet irradiation is considered. Infrared spectroscopy confirmed that under the influence of ultraviolet irradiation, the bonds of OH-groups with SiO2 tetrahedra are weakened, that contributes to the formation of extenders of the acid centers of Lewis and Bronsted on the surface. The optimum time of ultraviolet exposure is determined, at which the concentration of active Lewis and Bronsted acid sites on the extenders surface increases by more than 100%. It was found that replacing 10% of cement mass with a modified extenders makes it possible to produce concretes with strength values 20-30% higher than for composites without extenders. Obtaining equal strength concrete is possible with replacing 20% of cement with modified extenders.
Prof. Mosbeh Kaloop
V. V. Yadykina et al., "Concretes Using Modified Mineral Extenders", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1147, pp. 36-41, 2018