Low Cost Vibration Measurement and Optimization during Turning Process
During machining any material, vibrations play a major role in deciding the life of the cutting tool as well as machine tool. The magnitude acceleration of vibrations is directly proportional to the cutting forces. In other words, if we are able to measure the acceleration experienced by the tool during machining, we can get a sense of force. There are many commercially available, pre-calibrated accelerometer sensors available off the shelf. In the current work, an attempt has been made to measure vibrations using ADXL335 accelerometer. This accelerometer is interfaced to computer using Arduino. The measured values are then used to optimize the machining process. Experiments are performed on Brass. During machining, it is better to have lower acceleration values. Thus, the first objective of the work is to minimize the vibrations. Surface roughness is another major factor which criterion “lower is the better” applies. In order to optimize the values, a series of experiments are conducted with three factors, namely, tool type (2 levels), Depth of cut (3 levels) and Feed are considered (3 levels). Mixed level optimization is performed using Taguchi analysis with L18 orthogonal array. Detailed discussion of the parameters shall be given in the article.
Swami Naidu Gurugubelli and K Siva Prasad
N.V.S. Shankar et al., "Low Cost Vibration Measurement and Optimization during Turning Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1148, pp. 103-108, 2018