Experimental Investigation on the Performance of Vortex Tube

Abstract:

Article Preview

Non-conventional systems are developed to produce cooling effect which use eco-friendly refrigerants and consuming less energy as input. In this work, a vortex tube refrigerator is fabricated from CPVC material, to which air is supplied through five tangential inlet nozzles at different inlet pressures. The inlet pressure is varied over a span of 1 kg/cm2 to 8 kg/cm2 with an interval of 1 kg/cm2. The difference between the temperatures of hot and cold air streams at outlet is observed to be increasing with time as well as for different inlet pressures. In addition the COP for the cold end side is observed to be more than at the hot end side and isentropic efficiency is observed to be increasing with inlet pressures.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Swami Naidu Gurugubelli and K Siva Prasad

Pages:

115-121

Citation:

B.V.S. Raghu Vamsi et al., "Experimental Investigation on the Performance of Vortex Tube", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1148, pp. 115-121, 2018

Online since:

June 2018

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] G J Ranque, Experiments on Expansion in a Vortex with Simultaneous Exhaust of Hot and Cold Air, Le Journal De Physique(Journal Of Physis), et le Radium (Paris), vol 4, June 1933, pp.1125-1130.

[2] R Hilsch, The use of the Expansion of Aires in a Centrifugal Field as a Cooling Process, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol 13, February 1947, pp.108-113.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1740893

[3] U. Behera, P.J. Paul, S.Kasthurirengan, R. Karunanithi, S.N. Ram, K. Dinesh, S. Jacob,2005, CFD analysis and experimental investigations towards optimizing the parameters of Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48, 1961–(1973).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2004.12.046

[4] Sachin U. Nimbalkar, Michael R. Muller, An experimental investigation of the optimum geometry for the cold end orifice of a vortex tube, Applied thermal Engineering vol.29, 2008, pp.509-51.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.03.032

[5] Bramo, A. R., et al. Computational fluid dynamics simulation of length to diameter ratio effects on the energy separation in a vortex tube, Thermal Science, Year 2011, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.833-848.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/tsci101004008b

[6] R B Aronson, The Vortex Tube: Cooling with Compressed Air, Journal of Machine Design, December 1976, pp.140-143.

[7] Y Soni and W J Thomson, Optimal Design of Ranque - Hilsch Vortex Tube, ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, vol 94, no 2, May 1975, pp.316-317.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3450370

[8] R L Collins and R B Lovelace, Experimental Study of Two Phase Propane Expanded through the Ranque — Hilsch Tube, ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, vol 101, no 2, May 1979, pp.300-305.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3450964

[9] H Takahama and H Yokosawa, Energy Separation in Vortex with a Divergent Chamber.' Transactions of ASME, vol 103, May 1981, pp.196-203.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3244441

[10] M Kurosaka. Acoustic Streaming in Swirling Flow and the Ranque - Hilsch Effect., Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 1982, p.139.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112082002444

[11] Y D Raiskii and L E Tankel. Influence of Vortex Tube Configuration and Length on the Process of Energetic Air Separation., Journal of Engineering Physics, vol 27, no 6, December 1974, pp.1578-1581.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00863014

[12] G.F. Nellis, S.A. Klein, The Application of Vortex Tubes to Refrigeration Cycles, International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference, Purdue University, (2002).

[13] Sankar Ram T, Anish Raj, An Experimental Performance Study of Vortex Tube Refrigeration System, International Journal Of Engineering Development And Research, (2013).

[14] Kiran Devade, Ashok Pise, Effect of cold orifice diameter and geometry of hot end valves on performance of converging type Ranque Hilsch vortex tube, Energy Procedia 54 ( 2014 ) 642 – 653.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.07.306

[15] Suraj S Raut, Dnyaneshwar N Gharge, Chetan D Bhimate, Mahesh A. Raut, S.A. Upalkar, P.P. Patunkar, An Experimental Modeling and Investigation of Change in Working Parameters on the Performance of Vortex Tube, International Journal of Advanced Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 4, No. (2014).