Effect of Blast Furnace Slag and Red Mud Reinforcements on the Mechanical Properties of AA2024 Hybrid Composites


Article Preview

In the present days, hybrid metal matrix composites exhibit the better mechanical properties when compared with the uni-reinforced metal matrix composites. Due the light weight and improved mechanical properties these materials find the better applications in the area of aerospace and automobiles. The present investigation aims to evaluate the mechanical properties of Aluminum 2024 T351 reinforced with Blast Furnace Slag and Red Mud. Composites with industrial wastes like blast furnace slag and red mud as reinforcements are likely to overcome the cost barrier for wide spread applications. Blast Furnace Slag particulates are reinforced in AA2024 by decreasing 4 to 1% by weight. Red Mud particulates are reinforced in AA2024 by increasing 1 to 4% by weight. The composites are synthesized by using the stir casting technique. The mechanical properties are optimized for the composite with 2% Blast furnace slag and 3% Red Mud. Micro structural studies carried out using SEM, reveals the uniform distribution of the reinforcement in the matrix phase.



Edited by:

Swami Naidu Gurugubelli and K Siva Prasad




G. Siva Karuna et al., "Effect of Blast Furnace Slag and Red Mud Reinforcements on the Mechanical Properties of AA2024 Hybrid Composites", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1148, pp. 29-36, 2018

Online since:

June 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] Shaik Mujeeb Quader, B.Surynarayana Murthy, Pinninti Ravinder Reddy: Processing and Mechanical Properties of Al2O3 and Red Mud Particle Reinforced AA 6061 Hybrid Composites: Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 2016, 4, 135-1421.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/jmmce.2016.42013

[2] Shunmugaraj L, David Santosh Christoper, Jacob RubaSingh: Fabrication of New Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite Reinforced with SiC/Red Mud :International Journal of Research in Advanced Technology , Vol 1, Issue 9, (2016).

[3] Amit Sharma, R.M. Belokar, Sanjeev Kumar: Evaluation of Red Mud Reinforced Al-2024 MMC fabricated using stir catsing technique: Journal of Civil Engineering and Environmental technology, Vol 3, Issue 3, (2016).

[4] K.V. Srinivasrao,Anil K.C. Girish K.G. Akash: Mechanical characterization of Red Mud reinforced Al-8011 matrix composite : ARPN Journal of engineering and Applied sciences,Vol 11, (2016).

[5] VidyaParsaad Desai, Parth Gunjal, Prateek Chougale: Structural durability analysis of Al 2024 T3: International Journal of Engineering Research and Development,Volume 12, Issue 9, (2016).

[6] V.Anes, R.S. Pedro,E. Henriques ,M.Freitas, L.Reis Galvanic corrosion of aircraft bonded joints as a result of adhesive micro cracks: Journal of Precedia Structural Integrity 1(2016) 218-225.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prostr.2016.02.030

[7] Jaswinder Singh, Amit Chauhan: Characterization of hybrid aluminium matrix composites for advanced application -a review: Journal of material research and technology(2016);5(5):159-169.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2015.05.004

[8] M.Satish Reddy, D.Neeraja: Mechanical and durability aspects of concrete incorporating secondary aluminum slag: Journal of Resource-Efficient Technologies 2 ( 2016) 225-232.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reffit.2016.10.012

[9] Inampudi Narasimha Murthy, Nallabelli ArunBabu, Jinugu Babu Rao: Comparative studies on microstructure and mechanical properties of granulated blast furnace slag and flyash Reinforced AA2024 composites: Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 2014, 2,319-333.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/jmmce.2014.24037

[10] B.Geetha and K.Ganesan: Optimization of Tensile Characteristics of Al 356 alloy reinforced with volume fraction of Red Mud Metal Matrix Composite: Journal of Procedia Engineering 97 (2014) 614-624.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.290

[11] A.V. Pradeep: Effect of Blast furnace slag on mechanical properties of glass fiber polymer composites: Journal Of procedia material Science 10 (2015) 230-237.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mspro.2015.06.045

[12] Pradeep, R.Praveen Kumar B.S., Prashanth : Evaluation of mechanical properties of aluminium alloy 7075 reinforced with silicon carbide and red mud composite: International Journal of Engineering Research and General science Vol2,Issue 6, (2014).

[13] Guruvishalsingh,Harwinder Lal, Daljit Singh, GurdeshbirSingh: An approch for improving wear rate of aluminium based metal using Red mud, SiC and alumina matrix composites : International journal of mechanical engineering and robotics research, Vol 2, (2013).

[14] ASM Metals Refrence Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed.ASM International, Materials Park, OH,(1993).

[15] A.Torres, J.Miranda, J.Garcia, L.Narvaez, R.Hernandez, O.Dominguez : Composite Materials of Aluminium/Granulated Slag and Aluminium/ Arc-Furnace Dust Prepared by Powder Metallurgy Techniques: Department de Proyectos, 440 Eje 114 CP 78090.

[16] ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed.ASM International, Materials Park , OH, (1993).

[17] Michael Oluwatosin Bodunrin, Kenneth Kanayo Alaneme, Lesley Health Chown: Aluminium matrix hybrid composites: A review of reinforcement philosophies mechanical, corrosion and tribological characteristics: Journal of material research and technology , (2015).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2015.05.003

[18] A. V. Pradeep : Effect of blast furnace slag on mechanical properties of glass fiber polymer composites: Journal of Procedia material science 10(2015) 230-237.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mspro.2015.06.045

[19] S.Rajesh, S. Rajakarunakaran, R. Suthakarapandian, P.Pitchipoo: MOOEA Based Tribological Studies on Red Mud Reinforced Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites : Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2013, Article ID 213914.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/213914

[20] Preetam Kulkarni, Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of AL 2024 Based Hybrid Metal Composites, , IOSR Journal of mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 5 Ver .IV( Sep-Oct.2015),PP 108-122.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/1684

[21] Shaik Mujeeb Quader et al , "Processing and Mechanical Properties of AL2O3 and Red Mud Particle Reinforced AA6061 Hybrid Composites, Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 2016, 4, 135-142.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/jmmce.2016.42013

[22] Atul Kumar et al , "Production & Characterization of Al 2024- Sic Particle Metal Matrix Composite Using Stir Casting , Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering (JMPE) ISSN(P): 2278-3512, ISSN ( E): 2278-3520, Vol. 6, Issue 1, Jun 2016, 1-8.

[23] R.Khan, Anisotropic Deformation Behavior of Al2024 T351 Aluminium Alloy, TJER 2013, Vol. 10, No. 1, 80-87.

[24] J.Babu Rao et al , Development of Light Weight ALFA composites,, International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 11, 2010, pp.50-59.

[25] Ashih Srivastava et al , "A Review on Fabrication & Characterization of Hybrid Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite, International Journal of Advanced Research and Innovation, Volume 2, Issue 1 ( 2014 ) 242-246, ISSN 2347-3258.