Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Epoxy Based Hybrid Composites Reinforced with Banana-Pineapple Fiber

Abstract:

Article Preview

The aim of this paper is to investigate the mechanical properties of Banana-Pineapple natural fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. The hybrid combination of fibers with various weight fractions i.e. (40/0, 30/10, 20/20, 10/30 and 0/40) are incorporated into the epoxy LY556 and HY951and hand layup technique is used for fabrication. Initially fibers are cut to a length of 5mm and weight percentagesare determined. Banana fiber was hybridized with Pineapple fiber. While overall fiber weight fraction was fixed as 0.4Wf. Tensile, Flexural and Impact specimens are prepared according to ASTM standards. The Dog-bone shaped specimens are prepared for tensile test. Tensile testing was conducted on 5 ton universal testing machine (FIE Make). Flat bar and V-notch shaped specimens are prepared for conducting Flexural, Impact tests.The results are compared with pure Banana and pure Pineapple. Tensile, Flexural and Impact properties of Hybrid Composites are improved as compared to pure composites. The interfacial relationships between the fiber and matrix, internal cracks, fiber pullout, fiber dispersion into the matrix and the inner surfaces of the specimens are examined through SEM analysis.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Swami Naidu Gurugubelli and K Siva Prasad

Pages:

3-11

Citation:

J. Madhukiran et al., "Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Epoxy Based Hybrid Composites Reinforced with Banana-Pineapple Fiber", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1148, pp. 3-11, 2018

Online since:

June 2018

Export:

Price:

$38.00

* - Corresponding Author

[1] K.John, S.Venkata Naidu, Chemical resistance studies of sisal/glass., fiber hybrid composites,, J. Rein. Plast.Comp. 26(4) (2007) 373–376.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684406072524

[2] Karina M, Onggo H, Dawan AH, Abdullah, Sypurwadi A. Effect of oil palm empty fruit bunch fibre on the physical and mechanical properties of fibre glass reinforced polyester resin. J Biol Sci (2008);8:101–6.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2008.101.106

[3] Khalil HPS Abdul, Hanida S, Kang SCW, NikFuaad NA. Agro-hybrid composite: the effects on mechanical and physical properties of oil palm fiber (EFB)/glass hybrid reinforced polyester composites. J Reinf Plast Composites (2007); 26:203–18.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684407070027

[4] Varadarajulu A, Rama Devi R. Tensile properties of ridge gourd/phenolic composites and glass/ridge gourd/phenolic hybrid composites. Journal of Reinf Plast Composites (2007); 26:629–38.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684407075567

[5] John K, Venkata Naidu S. Sisal fiber/glass fiber hybrid composites: the impact and compressive properties. J Reinf Plast Composistes (2004); 23:1253–8.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684404035270

[6] N. Venkateshwaran, A. Elayaperumal, G.K. Sathiya Prediction of tensile properties of hybrid-natural fibre composites,, composites: part B, 43, (2012), 793-796.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.08.023

[7] F.G. Torres and M.L. Cubillas, Study of the interfacial properties of natural fibre reinforced polyethylene,, Polymer Testing 24, (2005), p.694–698.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymertesting.2005.05.004

[8] Thi-Thu-Loan Doan, Hanna Brodowsky and Edith Mader, jute fiber/epoxy composites: surface properties and interfacial adhesion,, Composites Science and Technology 72, (2012), pp.1160-1166.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.03.025

[9] K. G. Satyanarayana, K. Sukumaran, R S. Mukherjee, C. Pavithran and S. G. K. pillai, Natural Fibre-Polymer Composites,, Cement & Concrete Composites 12, ( 1990 ), pp.117-136.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0958-9465(90)90049-4

[10] T. MunikencheGowda, A.C.B. Naidu and Rajput Chhaya, Some mechanical properties of untreated jute fabric-reinforced polyester composites,, Composites: Part A 30, (1999), p.277–284.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(98)00157-2

[11] ASTM D638-03, Standard test method for testing tensile properties of plastics.

[12] ASTM D790-07, Standard tests method for testing flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and electrical insulating material.

[13] ASTM D256-06a.Standard test method for determining Izod pendulum impact resistance of platics.