Utilization of Ring Compression Test to Investigate the Mushroom Effect and Adhesive Nature of AA2014 Billets


Article Preview

In the cold forging of AA2014, friction at the die/billet interface plays a significant role. AA2014 metallic rings of height 8 mm with an outer diameter of 24 mm and inner diameter of 12 mm was upset between H13 steel dies to different levels of deformation. Different types of lubricants namely, grease, molybdenum disulphide, white grease, palm oil were employed at the die/ring interface and ring compression test was also conducted for un lubricated condition. The values based on the changes in the geometry after different levels of deformation were fit into Male and Cockroft calibration curves to estimate the friction factor (m). The values of friction factors determined from the experiments were given as input to the finite element package, Deform 2D. The results obtained from the finite element studies were compared with the experimental results. After validation, the research was extended by considering ring geometries of different sizes. The effect of the friction between the die/billet interface and geometry were studied on the flow of metal. The zone of minimum velocity of particles, defined as neutral plane was analyzed for different friction conditions and different geometries of the ring.



Edited by:

Swami Naidu Gurugubelli and K Siva Prasad




C. Harikrishna et al., "Utilization of Ring Compression Test to Investigate the Mushroom Effect and Adhesive Nature of AA2014 Billets", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1148, pp. 96-102, 2018

Online since:

June 2018




* - Corresponding Author

[1] M. Kunogi, A New Method of Cold Extrusion, J. Sci. Research Inst. 50 (1956) 215–246.

[2] A.T. Male, M.G. Cockcroft, A method for the Determination of the Coefficient of Friction of Metals under Condition of Bulk Plastic Deformation, J. Inst. Met. 93 (1964-1965) 38–46.

[3] H.N. Jeong, T.K. Min, B.H. Beong, Stress profiles at contact surface in ring compression test, J. Mech. Sci. Tech. 24 (2010) 1611-1616.

[4] Y.C. Hsu, T.S. Yang, T.S., S.Y. Chang, Constructing the Predictive Models of Friction Coefficient Using Cylindrical Compression Testing, Mater. Sci. For. 505-507 (2006) 745-750.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.505-507.745

[5] I. Kacmarcik, D. Mmovrin, O. Luzanin, P. Skakun, M. Plancak, D. Vilotic, Determination of Friction in Bulk Metal Forming Processes, 12th International Conference on Tribology, Kragujevac , Serbia, 2006, pp.111-116.

[6] T. Robinson, H. Ou, C.-G. Armstrong, Study on ring compression test using physical modeling and FE simulation, J. Mater. Proc. Tech., 153–154 (2004) 54–59.

[7] P. Kiranmai, Ch. Harikrishna, M.-J. Davidson, Ch. Nagaraju, Analysis of damage mechanics and ductile fractures in the cold upsetting of aa2014 cylindrical billets, 3rd Asian Conference on Mechanics of Functional Materials and Structures, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Dec 5-8, 2012, 195-198.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.