Past as Future in Adaptive Buildings: Climatic Adaptation in Ancient Constructions


Article Preview

Increasingly today we talk about sustainable architecture or, better yet, about adaptive architecture as something innovative. Looking at the past, however, it is possible to find numerous examples of architecture that adapts to the climatic conditions of the place with special devices or natural materials. Starting from the ancient Romans and the ancient peoples of the Middle East, up to the newer system to create energy by exploiting natural resources, are various the adaptive systems of the past. All have in common the respect for the environment, communicating with it sustainably, and optimizing available resources. This paper focuses on some of these systems highlighting the merits.



Edited by:

Dr. Santina Di Salvo




M. Niglio "Past as Future in Adaptive Buildings: Climatic Adaptation in Ancient Constructions", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1149, pp. 1-9, 2018

Online since:

August 2018





* - Corresponding Author

[1] For this contribution the translation by F. Bossalino, De Architettura. Libri X, Ed. Kappa, Roma, (1998).

[2] G. Ighany, Ex oriente aura: le torri del vento in Iran, Agathon 2008/2 (2008) 51-54.

[3] Infomation on

[4] J. May, Architettura senza architetti, Rizzoli, Milano, (2010).

[5] Information on

[6] Infomation on

[7] AA.VV., L'arte siculo-normanna. La cultura islamica nella Sicilia Medievale, Kalos, Palermo, 2007, pp.73-78.

[8] A. La Pica, A. Pignato, La Zisa di Palermo: una lettura del comportamento bioclimatico, Palermo, (1999).

[9] A. Ambrosi, R. Panella, G. Radicchio, Storia e Destino dei Trulli di Alberobello – Prontuario per il restauro, Schena Editore, (1997).

[10] Information on

[11] Information on

[12] A. Giuffrè, C. Carocci, Codice di pratica per la sicurezza e la cnservazione dei Sassi di Matera, Ed. La Butta, Matera, (1997).

[13] Information on

[14] Information on

[15] E. Hau, Wind Turbines: Fundamentals, Technologies, Application, Economics, 3ª ed., Springer, 2013, p.2.

[16] M. J. Lewis, Millstone and Hammer: the origins of water power, University of Hull Press, (1997).

[17] Information on

[18] P. Gruber, Biomimetics in architecture. Architecture of life and buildings, SpringerWienNewYork, 2011, 196-202.

[19] M. L. Germanà, La sostenibilità inconsapevole del costruito rurale tradizionale: l'esempio della masseria siciliana, in: S. Mecca, B. Biondi (Eds), Proceedings of 1st Forum UNESCO Architectural Heritage and Sustainable Development of Small and Medium Cities in South Mediterranean Regions. Results and strategies of research and cooperation, Firenze, 27-28 maggio 2004, ETS, Pisa 2005, pp.459-467.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.