Building Optimization: The Adaptive Façade
The façade design has so far mainly viewed in a static form but besides the architectural criteria many external variable factors influence the resulting building performance. If we refer for instance to the building envelope as a key element to control the exchanges between indoors and outdoors, the amount of energy used will depend on some variables such as climatic factors, orientation, structure, materials and use. In order to accurately evaluate heat and mass transfer over time, sophisticated simulation software exists. They can provide access to an in-depth understanding of the consequences of the design choices and may even inspire new architectural solutions. The step forward in the use of such software is the development of adaptive systems that can react in different situations. This concept can optimize the buildings performances. In the last years, thanks to the advances in technology, adaptive solutions represent a growing field of experimentation. This paper explores the possibilities of adaptive façades with the aim to furnish a framework for their design.
Dr. Santina Di Salvo
A. Lanza Volpe, "Building Optimization: The Adaptive Façade", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 1149, pp. 64-75, 2018