Periodic and non-periodic 1-3 type cement based piezoelectric composites were fabricated by cut and filling technique, using P(MN)ZT ceramic as functional material and cement as matrix. The influences of periodicity of piezoelectric ceramic rods in the composites on electrical properties of all the composites were discussed. The results show that the non-periodic composites have larger dielectric factor and piezoelectric strain constant than those of the periodic composite. The impedance-frequency spectra analysis indicates that the non-periodic arrangement of ceramic rods can effectively restrict the lateral structural mode of the composite, accordingly reduces the coupling resonant between the thickness resonant mode and lateral resonant mode. The thickness electromechanical coupling coefficient of non-periodic composites is larger than that of the periodic composite. With increasing the non-periodic level of P(MN)ZT ceramic in the composites, the mechanical quality factor of the composites increases gradually. Therefore, 1-3 type cement based piezoelectric composites with different special abilities can be obtained by varying the periodic arrangement of P(MN)ZT ceramic rods in the composites.