Temperature Dependent Electrical Properties of Conductive Composites (Behavior at Cryogenic Temperature and High Temperatures)
Extrinsically conductive polymer composites can be developed by incorporation of conductive filler in suitable polymer matrix. The formation of conductive network in insulating matrix due to filler aggregation at and above percolation is responsible for electrical conductivity of such composites. The present investigation deals with effect of temperature on conductive composites made from different blends of Ethylene-Vinyl copolymer (EVA) and Acrylonitrile-Butadiene copolymer (NBR) filled with particulate carbon filler. The electrical properties of these composites depend on blend composition and filler loading. High temperature (303-393K) DC-resistivity against temperature for EVA and EVA blends composites show positive coefficient of temperature (PCT effect) followed by negative coefficient of temperature (NCT effect) thus passing through a maxima which corresponds to crystalline melting temperature(~348K) of EVA phase. Further the variation of conductivity during heating cooling cycle does not coincides and leads to some kind of thermal hysteresis due to change in conductive network structure. However in low temperature region (10-300K), the resistivity is found to increase with decrease in temperature (NCT effect) and hysteresis effect is also marginal compared to that observed in high temperature region. This difference resistivity/conductivity vs temperature behavior in two different temperature zones suggests that different two mechanisms are operative in the system.
Joong Hee Lee
M. Rahaman, T. K. Chaki, D. Khastgir, "Temperature Dependent Electrical Properties of Conductive Composites (Behavior at Cryogenic Temperature and High Temperatures)", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 123-125, pp. 447-450, 2010