Damage Mechanisms in Loaded Aramid Composites by Means of Embedded PVDF Acoustic Emission Sensors
Cost-effective and reliable damage detection is critical for the utilization of composite materials due to the relatively localised nature of damage formation and the resultant reduction in structural integrity. Of the methods available, Acoustic Emission (AE) is considered as one potential technology for on-line and in situ monitoring of structural degradation of composite materials. Purpose of this work was to study the interaction between embedded PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) transducers and composite samples as well as detect and characterize the failure mechanisms in aramid/epoxy flexural test specimens using acoustic emission data obtained by embedded PVDF film sensors. Furthermore, it has been realized a comparison with surface mounted PVDF data. Results of our previous works (Caneva et al., 2005) dealing with monitoring tensile and flexural behaviour of glass/epoxy composites enabled to extend this methodology to aramid/epoxy composites. The use of Acoustic Emission and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) observations enabled to identify and understand the failure mechanisms of the composites tested. Furthermore, satisfactory results of this work highlighted that the application of PVDF shows promise as a suitable acoustic emission transducer for fibrous composite materials.
R. Pullin, K.M. Holford, S.L. Evans and J.M. Dulieu-Barton
C. Caneva et al., "Damage Mechanisms in Loaded Aramid Composites by Means of Embedded PVDF Acoustic Emission Sensors", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 13-14, pp. 337-342, 2006