Historical structures, like to masonry towers and another structures are among the structures subjected to the higher risk, due to their age, elevation and low base area on height ratio. In this paper introduce a technique of monitoring the structural integrity of historical buildings by a noncontact and non-destructive analysis is presented and discussed. The damage and destroy of a structure and building, in terms of cracks and overall structural degradation, is detected throughout the measurement of its dynamic characteristics by various ways, for example by a laser Doppler vibrometer(LDV). These techniques can show the frequency spectrum of the structure with high accuracy and reliability and reaction of structure against this technique. Also we will introduce that timber components have no influence on the system behaviour, which is mainly determined by the properties of connections and reactions.