Testing and Seismic Capacity Evaluation of a Typical Traditional Ottoman Timber Frame
In Turkey, as well as in Balkan countries, examples of an extant housing tradition namely hımış, which was formed during Ottoman period, can still be observed. In spite of minor local differences according to geographical locations, these Ottoman hımış houses are distinguished with a number of common architectural and technical peculiarities that is worth to preserve. They have similar timber frame construction system with different infill materials. There are numerous reports claiming that the hımış houses are seismically more resistant than other construction types such as reinforced concrete and/or masonry structures. However, nearly all such reports are based on observations made after historical or contemporary earthquakes and lack quantitative engineering approach. For these reasons, within the framework of an ongoing research project, supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), coded 106M499, the seismic resistance of traditional timber frame houses in Turkey was investigated. A number of timber frames were tested in the laboratory under cyclic and reverse lateral loading, with and without infill. The results were reproduced with pertinent analytical work. As a result, it was shown that connections that were traditionally made with the sole use of standard nails were always the location of failure. In this paper, the results obtained for one of these frames is presented together with its capacity curve analysis to see whether strengthening is needed or not from seismic design point of view.
Xianglin Gu and Xiaobin Song
E. Aktas et al., "Testing and Seismic Capacity Evaluation of a Typical Traditional Ottoman Timber Frame", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 133-134, pp. 629-634, 2010