Production of Customized High-Strength Hybrid Sandwich Structures
The production process and the forming behaviour of locally reinforced steel/polymer/steel (316L/PP-PE/316L) hybrid sandwich composite materials (SMS) have been investigated. The effect of simple plate reinforcements with different size, shape and geometry on the forming limits of SMS was studied. As a local reinforcement, the simple solid steel and mesh steel plate inlays with central and edge positions were chosen instead of a polymer core as a sandwich laminate. In order to increase the adhesion properties between the metal and polymer layers, corona discharge and plasma preliminary surface treatments were applied prior to the sandwich production. Both, deep drawing and stretching cup-forming tests were performed in order to analyse the forming behaviour as well as the failure of SMS with and without local inlays subject to different tensile loadings. The influence of the local reinforcement on the bending behaviour was determined by three and four-point bending processes. Stress-strain curves and thinning behaviour of SMS with local reinforcements under the different forming loads were determined using digital image correlation via photogrammetry. The forming behaviour strongly depends on the quality, geometry and size of the local plate inlays. Owing to the different positions of reinforcement as well as to the different polymer content around of inlays, failure of SMS by bending and drawing differs. The sandwich samples with mesh reinforcement demonstrate better formability by drawing and bending than that of samples with solid plates. In order to minimise the loss in formability of sandwich samples during deep drawing, the size of the centred reinforcement has to be larger than the punch diameter.
Heinz Palkowski and Kai-Michael Rudolph
O. Sokolova et al., "Production of Customized High-Strength Hybrid Sandwich Structures", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 137, pp. 81-128, 2010