The process of particle impacting and contacting curved surface of vane was studied, and the characteristics of particle size, particle initial velocity and its impacting direction affect the stress of subsurface were analyzed by using ANSYS/LS-DANY software. It is shown that the interaction between particles and surface of vane is affected by nonlinear factors such as the elastic-plastic property of material, the state of impacting and contacting and surface shape. The increment in particle size increases the stress of the surface impacted and the sphere of action is also enlarged. The influence of the size of particles is remarkable. Particle impact velocity is related to energy exchange and has influences on stress value and the area of surface deformation. Due to impact angle is related to shape of curved vane, so the distribution of stress is changed and the value of the stress in surface layer is also influenced when particles impact curved surface of vane from different directions. The research will be helpful to disclose the mechanics of the wear on the condition of particle impact.