Interfacial Reaction of Cu/Sn-Ag/ENIG Sandwich Solder Joint during Aging
The interaction between Cu/Sn-Ag and Sn-Ag/Ni interfacial reactions has been studied during isothermal aging at 150°C for up to 1000h using a Cu/Sn-3.5Ag/ENIG sandwich solder joint. A typical scallop-type Cu-Sn intermetallic compound (IMC) layer formed at the upper Sn-Ag/Cu interface after reflowing. On the other hand, a (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 IMC layer was observed at the Sn-Ag/ENIG interface. The Cu in the (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 IMC layer formed on the Ni side has to be contributed from the dissolution of the opposite Cu metal pad or Cu-Sn IMC layer. When the dissolved Cu arrived at the interface of the Ni pad, the (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 IMC layer formed on the Ni interface, preventing the Ni pad from reacting with the solder. Although a long isothermal aging treatment at 150°C was performed, any Ni was not detected in the Cu-Sn IMC layer formed on the Cu side. Compared to the single Sn-Ag/ENIG solder joint, the formation of the (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 IMC layer of the Cu/Sn-Ag/ENIG sandwich joint retarded effectively the consumption of the Ni from the electroless Ni-P layer.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
J. W. Yoon and S. B. Jung, "Interfacial Reaction of Cu/Sn-Ag/ENIG Sandwich Solder Joint during Aging", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 1001-1007, 2007