Effect of Scandium Addition on Aging Behavior of 6061 Aluminum Alloy
It has been reported that scandium addition improved various properties of aluminum alloys. However, present authors can not find any reports about the addition of Sc to 6000 series alloys. In this study, Sc was added to 6061 alloy and various effects of the Sc addition on aging behavior were examined, comparing with Al-Sc binary alloy. In the STQ state, resistivity at 77K, ρD77, of 0.2%Sc added alloy (6061+Sc) was about 2.0n-m higher than the alloy of no addition (6061). The ρD77 increased in initial stage of isothermal aging up to 473K, then decreased. Though ρD77 of binary Al-0.176%Sc alloy began to decrease from 1.8Ms at 448K and 18ks at 523K, excess decrease in ρD77 of 6061+Sc corresponding to precipitation of Sc compounds was not clear. Peak value of the HV0.1 was decreased and peak aging time delayed by the Sc addition in aging up to 498K. However, softening by overaging was retarded by the Sc addition. These effects of the Sc addition are considered to come from vacancy trap by solute Sc atoms or interface between particles of Sc compound and matrix acting as vacancy sinks.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
T. Nakamura et al., "Effect of Scandium Addition on Aging Behavior of 6061 Aluminum Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 7-12, 2007