Preparation and Characterisation of New Titanium Based Alloys for Orthopaedic and Dental Applications
Various types of titanium alloys with high strength and low elastic modulus and, at the same time, vanadium and aluminium free have been developed as surgical biomaterials in recent years. Moreover, porous metals are promising hard tissue implants in orthopaedic and dentistry, where they mimic the porous structure and the low elastic modulus of natural bone. In the present study, new biocompatible Ti-based alloy foams with approximate relative densities of 0.4, in which Sn and Nb were added as alloying metals, were synthesised through powder metallurgy method. The new alloys were prepared by mechanical alloying and subsequently sintered at high temperature using a vacuum furnace. The characteristics and the processability of the ball milled powders and the new porous titanium-based alloys were characterised by X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy .The mechanical properties of the new titanium alloys were examined by Vickers microhardness measurements and compression testing.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
A. Nouri et al., "Preparation and Characterisation of New Titanium Based Alloys for Orthopaedic and Dental Applications", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 71-76, 2007