Enhancing Surface Properties of Fine Grain Duplex Stainless Steel via Superplastic Carburizing
In this research, a new type of surface carburizing method which combines superplastic phenomenon and carburizing process called superplastic carburizing (SPC) was introduced. Thermo-mechanically treated duplex stainless steel (DSS) with fine grain microstructure and exhibits superplasticity was used as the superplastic material. The SPC was conducted at temperatures ranging from 1123 K to 1223 K for various durations. Initial loads of 25 MPa, 49 MPa and 74 MPa were applied to give the superplastic deformation effect on the carburized specimens. Metallographic studies revealed a thick, uniform, smooth and dense morphology of hard carbon layer formed at the surface of fine grain DSS. The resulting case depth of carbon layers were between 15 μm to 76 μm. A remarkable increase in surface hardness was observed in the range of 600 HV to 1600 HV. The kinetics of this process in terms of carbon diffusion and its variation with processing time and temperature was achieved using Arrhenius equation. Activation energy (Q) was determined as 151.87 kJ/mol. Based on the results obtained, SPC process can significantly enhance the surface properties of DSS.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
N. R. N. Masdek et al., "Enhancing Surface Properties of Fine Grain Duplex Stainless Steel via Superplastic Carburizing", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 768-773, 2007