Change in Stress Axis with Creep Deformation in PST Crystal
The superiority of creep in Ti-48at%Al alloy with fully transformed lamellar structure to that in Ti-50at%Al alloy with γ single phase is characterized by the extension of transient stage. This extension of the transient stage derives by the retarding effect of α2 plate on the onset of the accelerating stage, through suppressing the dynamically recrystallization which is the main reason of the accelerating stage. This superiority in Ti-48at%Al alloy will become more clear by investigating the creep of the single crystal designated as the PST crystal, because of removing the grain boundaries which is the formation site of dynamic recrystallization. By using the PST crystal, the predominant deformation using primary slip plane of γ plate will continue, because the α2 plate restricts the operation of other slip planes. In PST crystals with the angle between the stress axis and the lamellar plates, designated as φ, less than 45°, the uniform deformation will proceed, because of the decrease in creep rate due to the decreasing in Schmid factor through the monotonous decrease in φ. But these suppositions have not confirmed. In this study, the deformation manner of the PST crystals with φ of less than 45° is investigated by the analyzing of creep curve, macrostructure and inverse pole figure of the PST crystals interrupted the creep tests at 1148K/68.6MPa at the strains of 0.20 and 0.65. Inverse pole figures of PST crystal are obtained using SEM-EBSD method. By accepting the creep deformation, the stress axes of the PST crystals move for -[1, – 11] line with slip system of (111)<1, – 01>, and after reaching at this line, the stress axis turn to [1, – 11] pole position with (111)<1, – 10> slip system. The change in stress axis is not homogeneous in gauge portion accepting small strain, by subjecting the further creep deformation up to the onset of the accelerating stage, this heterogeneous deformation in gauge portion disappeared.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
E. Sakurada and T. Matsuo, "Change in Stress Axis with Creep Deformation in PST Crystal", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 858-863, 2007