Change in Stress Axis with Creep Deformation in Ni-20mass%Cr Single Crystal with Orientation of 
The features of the creep deformation of γ-single phase single crystals with the composition of Ni-20mass%Cr are characterized by the extended transient stage, which consists of Stage I and Stage II. In the Stage I, the creep rate just after loading remains unchanged, while the creep rate decreases continuously in Stage II. In the single crystals except for the single crystals with the stress axis of  and [1, – 11], the predominant creep deformation using the primary slip plane continues. By this deformation, the cross section of specimen turns to elliptical in shape. However, in the single crystals with the angle between stress axis and primary slip plane (111) is more than 45°, the deformation using the primary slip plane does not continue, as a result, the duration of Stage II turn to shorter one. The single crystal with the stress axis of  has the largest angle of 55°. In this study, the deformation manner during transient stage of single crystal with the stress axis of  orientation is investigated from the two viewpoints. The first one is to clarify the change in deformation manner with decreasing the stress. As a result, with decreasing the stress, the Stage I become clear and strain during Stage I and Stage II become small, furthermore, the decreasing ratio of creep rate with definite strain becomes larger. While, the second viewpoint is to investigate the change in crystallographic orientation of the  single crystals with creep deformation using the inverse pole figure obtained by the EBSD method. As a result, at the stress of 29.4 MPa, the spot of stress axis turns from the -[1, – 11] line to the <1, – 01> direction. While, at the stress of 19.6 MPa, the stress axis moves for the [1, – 11] pole along the -[1, – 11] line from the  pole. And, it is noteworthy that the spot widely spread from the  pole during transient stage. This indicates the large distortion in the primary slip plane and the evidence of heterogeneous deformation.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
M. Mitsutake et al., "Change in Stress Axis with Creep Deformation in Ni-20mass%Cr Single Crystal with Orientation of ", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 870-875, 2007