Real-Time PCR Quantification of Protein Expression in Skin Equivalent Monoculture and Coculture Model
Three-dimensional gelatin-chondroitin 6 sulphate-hyanuronic acid biomatrix was used as the scaffold to investigate the phenotypic and molecular expression in human keratinocytes (K) and dermal fibroblasts (FB) in three different culture conditions in vitro. The cells were cultured in either monolayer (K or FB only) or coculture (K&FB) model. The deposition of basement membrane proteins secreted by these two kinds of cells was quantitatively characterized by real-time PCR. In the results, dermal fibroblasts were shown to synthesize and deposit laminin 5, type IV and type VII collagen, whereas keratinocytes produced integrin alpha 6 and beta 4 as well as laminin 5 and collagen type IV, VII. Interestingly, the integrin beta 4 subunit was not expressed either in keratinocytes or dermal fibroblasts monoculture but was seen in organotypic coculture model in the early culture period. Furthermore, we found that the expression of those marker compounds was reciprocally regulated when keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts were cultured together. These results indicated that keratinocyes and dermal fibroblasts worked together to reconstruct dermal-epidermal basement membrane (BM) zone. In brief, our data provide the first time in directly quantifying the expression of BM proteins by using real-time PCR, and also demonstrate that BM proteins were regulated by cell-cell interaction.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer and C. Ravindran
T. W. Wang et al., "Real-Time PCR Quantification of Protein Expression in Skin Equivalent Monoculture and Coculture Model", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 15-17, pp. 95-100, 2007