Textile reinforced concrete is a rather promising structural material which improves characteristics of traditional materials in many ways. In this paper, based on uniaxial tension experiments of TRC plates, the loading behavior of TRC plates and influence factors on their ultimate load capacity are discussed. The main parameter in the experiments is textile ratio. With the increasing of textile ratio, the efficiency of fibers decreases in a linear way, and the cracking performance is ameliorated. Moreover, a calculation formula is proposed taking the textile ratio into consideration to forecast the ultimate bearing capacity of TRC plates. Finally, according to the mixture law and ACK model, the stress-strain curve of TRC plates is simplified as a trilinear model. Providing a theoretical foundation, this investigation extends further application of TRC in practice.