ZnO is an important functional semiconductor in application of photoelectric devices. ZnO nano-tubes and the CuO-doped ZnO have been successfully fabricated via hydrothermal method and a solution routine. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy and room temperature photoluminescence measurement. The results show that the lattice space (d-value) of the CuO-doped ZnO increases while introducing CuO into its structure. Due to the interaction between Cu2+ and the surface atoms of ZnO, a photoluminescence confinement were observed in the CuO-doped ZnO compared with that of nano ZnO.