Axial Strain of Reinforced Concrete Columns
The reinforced concrete members are designed to fail in flexural member to behave ductilely. Also the failure doesn’t impose on columns but beams. But according to the plastic collapse mechanism, the plastic hinge potentially developed at the bottom of the RC column near the base of the structure after flexural yielding. These columns are generally dominated by shear which led to sudden failure in post yielding region because of its relatively short span-to-depth ratio, so special care is needed. The deformability of column with short span-to-depth ratio is small compared with larger span-to-depth ratio column under reversed cyclic loading. Therefore the design of these kinds of RC columns necessitates the prediction of both the shear strength after flexural yielding and corresponding ductility of such members. Ten RC columns with varying axial force ratio and shear reinforcement ratio were tested under monotonic and reversed cyclic loading. The most affectable factor to column behavior was the axial force. The result indicates that concrete contribution to shear resistance in the plastic hinge region and axial strain were decreased as axial force.
J. W. Park et al., "Axial Strain of Reinforced Concrete Columns", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 1858-1861, 2011