Numerical Simulation of Backward Facing Step Flow Using Nonlinear Eddy Viscosity Model
Nonlinear eddy viscosity models have received significant interest because of the shortcomings of linear eddy viscosity models used in the numerical simulation of flow around building structures. There are many kinds of nonlinear eddy viscosity models. This paper adopts one of them to simulate backward facing step flow, which aims to evaluate the properties of this turbulence model. Compared with linear eddy viscosity model and experimental measurements, the simulation of nonlinear eddy viscosity model gives better results, especially for the reattachment length and pressure coefficient values. For this reason, this nonlinear eddy viscosity model is more suitable for numerical simulation of complex flow around building structures than linear eddy viscosity model.
T. T. Wang and Q. S. Yang, "Numerical Simulation of Backward Facing Step Flow Using Nonlinear Eddy Viscosity Model", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 4120-4124, 2011