To obtain a better understanding of the behavior and load-carrying capacity of Q460 high-strength single-angle compression members bolted by one leg, using static loading way to 48 angles carried out experimental study. The experiments show test specimens produce biaxial bending, most small slenderness ratio members are controlled by local buckling, and slender specimens are controlled by overall buckling. In addition to these factors in model experiment, influences of residual stresses on ultimate load-carrying capacity were analyzed by finite element numerical simulation analysis, the results show the residual stresses affect the ultimate load-carrying capacity of angles by about 5％ or less. Comparison of the load-carrying capacity of experimental and theoretical results indicate the difference of experimental and finite element values ranges from -9.99％ to +9.76％, American Design of Latticed Steel Transmission Structure (ASCE10-1997) and Chinese Code for Design of Steel Structures (GB50017-2003) underestimate separately the experimental load-carrying capacity by about 2.34％～33.93％ and 1.18％～63.3％, and the agreement is somewhat good between experimental program and the finite element analysis. Based on model experiment and simulated experiment, the formula of stability coefficient of single-angle compression members was established. It provides basic data for spreading Q460 high-strength single-angles members attached by one leg.