Second-Order Effect of Staggered Truss and Simplified Formula


Article Preview

This paper summarizes the regulations about steel frame second-order effect of some design code in the world, and find out a critical factor of controlling second-order effect. The second-order effects of staggered truss were studied systematically by using ETABS program, and put forward design proposals the second-order effects of internal force and displacement, the simplified formula on second-order effect magnification factor of displacement was given.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 163-167)

Edited by:

Lijuan Li




L. F. Lu and L. Lin, "Second-Order Effect of Staggered Truss and Simplified Formula", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 163-167, pp. 808-811, 2011

Online since:

December 2010





[1] Neil Wexler and Lin F. B: Steel Design Guide Series 14: Staggered Truss Framing Systems, AISC (2002).

[2] Liu Yongjian, Jiang Meiwen, and Wei Zunxiang: Journal of ChangSha Communications University, Vol. 19, No. 4 (2003), pp.32-36.

[3] Zhou Xuhong, and Zhou Qishi: Journal of Building Structures, Vol. 25, No. 4 (2004), pp.66-71.

[4] Liu Yushu: Progress in Steal Building Structures, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2001), pp.70-75.

[5] Engineering Journal , No. 3(1981)- No. 2(1982).

[6] Bungale S. Taranath: Steel, Concrete, and Composite Design of Tall Buildings 2nd Ed (McGraw-Hill, New York 1998).

[7] Chen Shao Fan: Principle of Steel Structure Design 3rd Ed (Science Press, Beijing 2005).

[8] Code for design of steel structure GB50017-2003(China Plan Press, Beijing 2003).

[9] Technical specification for steel structure of tall buildings JGJ99-98(China Arctechture&Building Press, Beijing 1998).

[10] Code for seismic design of buildings GB50011-2001(China Arctechture&Building Press, Beijing 2001).

[11] Lu LinFeng: Staggered truss steel framing system analysis and design method, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology (2003).

[12] W. F. Chen, E. M. Lui: Stability design of steel Frames (McGraw-Hill, New York 1991).