Numerical Simulation of Traffic Emissions in Urban Street Canyon
Dispersion of gaseous pollutant emissions in different street canyons was studied using two dimensional sections of canyon models airflow. Effects of building size, street width wind velocity and different turbulent model on the pollutant transport were examined. Depending on wind speed, building height, and street width, it was found that large recirculation regions in canyons may form. Under certain conditions, gaseous pollutants emitted from vehicle exhaust may trap inside the street canyon. It was shown that the amount of pollutants in street canyons reduces when the wind speed increases. The simulation results were compared with the available wind tunnel experiments and favorable agreement was found.
P. Wang et al., "Numerical Simulation of Traffic Emissions in Urban Street Canyon", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 168-170, pp. 1548-1551, 2011