Ethanol Production from Corn Stover Using Soaking Pretreatment

Abstract:

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Corn stover was pretreated using different soaking conditions at mild temperature. Among the tested conditions, the best was 1% NaOH+8% NH4OH,50°C,48 h, Solid-to-liquid ratio 1:10. The results showed that soaking pretreatment achieved 63.6% delignification, retained the xylan and glucan. After enzymatic hydrolysis, conversion rates of xylan and glucan were 70.9% and 78.5%, respectively. The pretreated filtration re-soaking cause 52.7% xylan and 65.0% glucan conversion. NaOH+NH4OH treatment can be performed under mild conditions, gives a good buffering effect, low carbohydates degradation and extensive removal of lignin. Additionally, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation was conducted with pretreated corn stover to assess the ethanol production. For the whole process, 0.15g ethanol /g corn stover was achieved using Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y5, and 0.19g ethanol /g corn stover when using Pichia stipitis.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 171-172)

Edited by:

Zhihua Xu, Gang Shen and Sally Lin

Pages:

261-265

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.171-172.261

Citation:

Z. Zuo and X. S. Yang, "Ethanol Production from Corn Stover Using Soaking Pretreatment", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 171-172, pp. 261-265, 2011

Online since:

December 2010

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Price:

$35.00

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