Preparation and Characterization of Wool Keratin/PVA Blended Films
The method of extracting protein from wool was studied for the purpose of reusing the waste wool. The aqueous solution of wool keratin was prepared with Sodium Shlfide as reductive agent. In this paper, PVA was used to mix with keratin in different proportions. Both solutions were cast to obtain blended films. Scanning electron microscopy investigation showed that the surface of blended films was rough and uneven and the surface of the pure keratin film had small peridiole. FTIR analysis indicated that the secondary structure of the keratin was influenced by the blending ratios. Compared with wool fiber, the keratin film cast from aqueous solution showed a decrease in the amount of α-helix structure, while β-sheet and random coil conformations increased. When the keratin solution and PVA solution were blended in the ratios of 40:60, the film was flexible and rigid, and had good mechanical properties. This study encourages the further investigation of the applications of wool keratin films in the biomedical field, which could provide a new way to reuse various waste feathers.
Lun Bai and Guo-Qiang Chen
M. X. Gou and X. H. Yang, "Preparation and Characterization of Wool Keratin/PVA Blended Films", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 175-176, pp. 132-136, 2011