Formaldehyde-Free Flame Retardancy Finishing of Silk Fabric with an Organophosphorus Oligomer

Abstract:

Article Preview

In this paper, a hydroxyl-functional organophosphorus oligomer (HFPO) was introduced as a formaldehyde-free flame retardant into silk fabric, using 1, 2, 3, 4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) as crosslinking agent. But HFPO bonded onto silk fabric is not theoretically increased with the increase of BTCA concentration. Triethanolamine (TEA) was applied to improve the HFPO fixation onto silk fabric. The paper still evaluated the flammability and physical properties of the silk fabric treated with HFPO/BTCA/TEA system. The treated silk fabric demonstrated a high level of flame retardancy with modest loss in fabric tensile strength. Microscale combustion calorimetry(MCC) testing results indicated that HFPO/BTCA/TEA system treated silk fabric has much lower heat release rate than that of control fabric.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 175-176)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Lun Bai and Guo-Qiang Chen

Pages:

634-639

Citation:

J. P. Guan and G. Q. Chen, "Formaldehyde-Free Flame Retardancy Finishing of Silk Fabric with an Organophosphorus Oligomer", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 175-176, pp. 634-639, 2011

Online since:

January 2011

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] A. R. Horrocks, in: Textile finishing, edited by D. Heywood , Chap 6/ Society of Dyers and Colourists, West Yorkshire, England( 2003).

[2] W.B. ACHWAL: Colourage Vol. 6(1987), p.16.

[3] J.P. Guan and G.Q. Chen: Fire Mater. Vol. 30(2006), p.415.

[4] C. Q. Yang and X. Q. Qiu: Fire Mater. Vol. 31(2007), p.67.

[5] C. Q. Yang ,W.D. Wu and X. Yan : Fire Mater. Vol. 29 (2005), p.109.

[6] H. Yang and C. Q. Yang: Polym. Degrad. Stabil. Vol. 88 (2005), p.363.

[7] Y. Q. Yang and S. Q. Li: T.C.C. Vol. 26 (1994), p.25.

[8] H. Yang and C. Q. Yang: J. Fire Sci. Vol. 25 (2007), p.425.

[9] J.P. Guan and G.Q. Chen: Fibers polym. Vol. 9 (2008), p.438.

[10] M. Lewin, S. M. Atlas and Pearce E M, in: Flame-retardant Polymeric Material, Vol. 1, p.371, Plenum Press, NY (1975).

[11] W.Y. Xing, Y. Hu, L. Song, X. L. Chen, P . Zhang and J. X. Ni: Polym. Degrad. Stabil. Vol. 94(2009), p.1176.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.