Comparative Study of Biogas Production from Five Substrates


Article Preview

In this work, a comparative study of biogas production from poultry droppings, cattle dung, kitchen waste, fruit waste and vegetable waste was done under the same operating conditions. 3kg of each waste was mixed with 9kg of water and loaded into the 5 constructed digesters. Biogas production was measured using water displacement method for a period of 40 days and at an average temperature of 30.5oC. Results indicated that poultry droppings produced 0.0332dm3/day, cow dung produced 0.0238dm3/day, Kitchen waste produced 0.0080dm3/day, vegetable waste produced 0.0066dm3/day and fruit waste with 0.0022dm3/day. It is concluded that poultry droppings produced more biogas because it contains more nutrients and nitrogen compared with plant and other animal waste



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 18-19)

Edited by:

Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode




S.J. Ojolo et al., "Comparative Study of Biogas Production from Five Substrates ", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 18-19, pp. 519-525, 2007

Online since:

June 2007




[1] Adedibu, A. A.: A comparative analysis of solid waste composition and generation in two cities of developing nations. The Environmentalist, 5(2): 123 - 128 (1985).


[2] Akintola, F.O.: Aspects of solid waste management in Ibadan City. Seminar Paper: Dept of Geography, University of Ibadan (1987).

[3] Ipadeola, S.F.: Solid Waste Generation and Management: Towards an Environmental Issues and Management in Nigeria Developmen. Ibadan: Heineman (1998).

[4] Olokesusi, F.: Sustainability and Solid Waste Management in Metropolitan Lagos-The Imperative for Improvements. New York: McGrawhill (1994).

[5] Onibokun, G. A. : Managing the Monster. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre (1999).

[6] Verma, S.: Anaerobic Digestion of Biodegradable Organics in Municipal Solid Wastes. Unpublished M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, Fu Foundation School of Engineering, Colombia University (2002).

[7] Xuereb, P.: Biogas - A Fuel produced from waste. Newsletter of Michigan Institute of Waste Management, 1(1): 1-3 (1997).

[8] Koberle, E.: Animal Manure Digestion Systems in Central Europe. In: Proceedings of the Second Biomass Conference of the Americas, August 21-24, Portland, Oregon, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). 23: 34 (1995).

[9] Alvarez, R., Villca, S., and Liden, G.: Biogas production from Illama and cow maure at high altitude. Biomass and Bioenergy, 30: 66-75 (2006).


[10] Machido, D.A., Zuru, A.A., and Akpan, E.E.: Effects of some inorganic nutrients on the performance of cow dung as substrate for biogas production. Nigerian Journal of Renewable Energy, 4(2), 34-37 (1996).

[11] Fernando, C.E.C. and Dangogo, S. M.: Investigation of parameters which affect the performance of biogas plant. Nigerian Journal of Solar Energy, 5: 147- 148 (1986).

[12] Garba, B.: Studies on chemical composition of biogas and kinetics of its production at varying temperatures. Ph. D Thesis, Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto (1998).

[13] Lucas E.B., Bamgboye A.I.: Anaerobic digestion of chopped water hyacinth. Nigerian Journal of Renewable Energy, 6(1): 62-66 (1998).

[14] Abbasi, S.A., Nipancy, P.C., and Schaumbery, G.D.: Bioenergy potential of eight common weeds. Biological Wastes, 34: 359 - 367 (1990).


[15] Maishanu, S.M. and Sambo, A.S.: Biogas generation from leaf liters: a preliminary investigation. Nigerian Journal of Solar Energy 10: 138-144 (1991).

[16] Akinbami, J. -F.K., Ilori, M.O., Oyebisi, T.O., Akinwumi, I.O., Adeoti, O.: Biogas energy use in Nigeria: current status, future prospects and policy implications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 5: 97-112 (2000).


[17] Zuru, A.A., Saidu, H., Odum, E.A., and Onuorah, A.: A comparative study of biogas production from horse, goat and sheep dungs. Nigerian Journal of Renewable Energy, 6(1&2): 43-47 (1998).

[18] Monnet, F.: An introduction to Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Wastes. A report on http: /www. remade. com (2003).

[19] Srinivasan, S.V.: Energy from Municipal and Industrial Wastes. www. IITM. com. (2002).

[20] Guruswamy T., Kannan N., Kumar V.: Design, development and evaluation of biogas using selected biomaterials as feedstock. IIE Journal, 84 : 1- 65 (2003).

[21] Gunaseelan, V.N.: Parthenium as an additive with cattle manure in biogas Production. Biological Wastes, 21: 195-202 (1987).