Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity for In Situ Measurement of Compressive Strength of Concrete
In this study, pulse velocities calculated from the time taken by pulses emitted by a transducer to traverse a known thickness of the concrete is utilized in building up a correlation between pulse velocity and strength of concrete cubes and between pulse velocity and age of concrete. Three different arrangements of transmitters and receivers were studied to cover the varieties of problems likely to be encountered on a site. These are direct transmission, semi-direct transmission and indirect transmission. For a particular mix proportion and aggregate size a calibration curve was obtained for in-situ testing of concrete. These curves can be used to determine the relative in-situ strength of similar members or structures.
Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode
C.A. Chidolue et al., "Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity for In Situ Measurement of Compressive Strength of Concrete ", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 18-19, pp. 55-61, 2007