The water resource in Linyi city has the characteristics of big inter-annual and annual change and uneven geographical distribution, but is relatively the abundant area in Shandong province. The surface water is highly developed and utilized but the underground water is not sufficiently developed and utilized. The strategies and measures for reasonable development and utilization, such as reinforcing the awareness of water saving, developing new water resources, adding matched facilities, reusing water, etc., are proposed. Linyi city is in the southeast of Shandong province, and is located among 117°25′~119°11′E，34°17′~36°23′N. It comprises three urban districts of Lanshan, Luozhuang and Hedong and 9 counties of Tancheng, Cangshan, Junan, Yishui, Mengyin, Pingyi, Feixian, Yinan and Linshu. Its total area is 17185km2, and is the largest city in Shandong province.