Flameless Solution Combustion Synthesis of Al3+ Doped LiMn2O4
Single phase Al3+ doped LiMn2O4 has been prepared by flameless solution combustion synthesis method at 600oC for 1h. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electric microscope (SEM) were used to determine the phase composition and micro morphology of the products. XRD analysis indicates that the purities increase and the lattice parameters of the products decrease with increasing Al3+ content. Electrochemical test indicates that the cycling performance of the products with Al3+ doping are better than that of the product without Al3+ doping. The product LiAl0.10Mn1.90O4 gets the best electrochemical performance. At the current density of 30mA/g, the initial discharge capacity of LiAl0.10Mn1.90O4 is 124.8mAh/g, and after 20 cycles, the capacity retention is more than 89%. SEM investigation indicates that the particles of LiAl0.10Mn1.90O4 are sub-micron in size and well dispersed.
Wenya Tian and Linli Xu
G. Y. Liu et al., "Flameless Solution Combustion Synthesis of Al3+ Doped LiMn2O4", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 186, pp. 7-10, 2011