Application of Kalman Filtering for Natural Gray Image Denoising
Image denoising is one of the classical problems in digital image processing, and has been studied for nearly half a century due to its important role as a pre-processing step in various image applications. In this work, a denoising algorithm based on Kalman filtering was used to improve natural image quality. We have studied noise reduction methods using a hybrid Kalman filter with an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model that the coefficients of the AR models for the Kalman filter are calculated by solving for the minimum square error solutions of over-determined linear systems. Experimental results show that as an adaptive method, the algorithm reduces the noise while retaining the image details much better than conventional algorithms.
Z. K. Huang et al., "Application of Kalman Filtering for Natural Gray Image Denoising", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 187, pp. 92-96, 2011