The stability of cutting system is an important research in high-speed machining area. It is widely used in engineering practice. First, this paper studies the milling forces and their change law when milling aluminum alloy through orthogonal experiment. And it solves the milling coefficients. Second, it modal parameters of milling system such as natural frequency, modal mass and equivalent stiffness by hammer experiment. On this basis, it draws the stability lobe about the spindle speed and radial depth of cut and verifies the accuracy of the stability lobe.