An Investigation on Effect of Residual Stress on Springback Behavior of High Strength Steel in U-Bending Process
Bending process is an important process in the metal sheet forming in many industries. The main problem of the bending process is the spring-back phenomenon after removing the punch. This research aims the investigation on effect of residual stress on springback behavior of sheet metal in U bending process. The corner setting technique and bottoming process were designed for experiments. The corner setting technique and bottoming has reduced the thickness in bending area to 5, 10, 15 and 20 percent of the original sheet thickness. Clearance between punch and die of both processes was equal to same the thickness. The residual stress value and springback phenomenal were investigated by commercial program code DEFORM 2D which was able to analyze the effect stress and force in bending area. Electrolytic zinc coated carbon steel grade JIS; SECC, JIS; 440 and JIS; 590 which having the thickness of 1 mm were employed as the workpiece material for all experiments. The result of three materials in conventional U bending die shows larger spring back than the corner setting technique and bottoming process. Moreover, the corner setting technique reduces spring back value in bending process but requires high bending force. Corner setting technique and bottoming process at 15% and 20% shows that the spring go of all parts. The FEM simulation results explained the effect of residual stress to springback phenomenal. Comparisons between experimental and finite element method results were also performed.
Zhengyi Jiang, Shanqing Li, Jianmin Zeng, Xiaoping Liao and Daoguo Yang
K. Lawanwong, "An Investigation on Effect of Residual Stress on Springback Behavior of High Strength Steel in U-Bending Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 189-193, pp. 2864-2868, 2011