When lubricants are used according to special requirements, it is possible to achieve considerable cost savings. Compared to conventional coolant cooling technology used in metal cutting, oil-air lubrication increases cooling performance, avoids environmental pollution, reduces running and maintenance costs. The cutting temperature contrast experimental research was based on close to practice 45# steel in dry cutting, wet cutting and oil-air lubrication conditions. The research work concentrated on the superiority of oil-air lubrication cooling and the influence of cutting amount on temperature. The experimental results show that oil-air lubrication is more effective in reducing the cutting temperature than wet cutting or dry cutting, this paper details the cutting temperature curves at several different tests provides a basis for industrial production, improves the level of machining process and the significance was being reported.