General materials can satisfy the structure strength requirement of space effective payload easily. But it can hardly satisfy the structure stiffness requirement of space payload. Carbon fiber composite has many excellent properties, such as high relative strength, high relative stiffness, small expansion coefficient, good fatigue resistance and excellent vibration resistance. It can be used to make space products. Firstly, this paper discussed the properties of carbon fiber composite material. Compared with common materials, such as aluminum alloy and titanium alloy, carbon fiber composite material is more suitable for applications of space instruments. Secondly, the metal part embedded technique of carbon fiber composite structure was studied. According to the carbon fiber composite structure of a space camera frame, a few structure forms of embedded part ware studied. A space camera frame of carbon fiber composite was designed and manufactured. Finally, finite element analysis and mechanical tests on the space camera frame was carried out. The results reveal that the characteristic frequency of carbon fiber composite frame is up to 104Hz.The space camera frame is of high stiffness and dimensional stability.