A innovative structure of sandwich composite rectangular plate with dimensions of 350 ×83.5×9.5mm was designed, it was made of unidirectional prepreg of carbon fibre and woven fabric prepreg of carbon fiber as face materials and paulownia as core material by hand lay-up performing and press molding technology for investigating the dynamic performance such as natural frequency and modal shapes. Based on testing the in-plane and out-plane mechanical properties of composite samples reinforced by unidirectional carbon fibre and carbon fiber woven fabric, a ANSYS FEA dynamic modeling was developed. According to the impulse response modal test method, a modal test system was established. The natural frequency test results showed that the minimum natural frequency of sandwich composite rectangular plate is about 616.45Hz which is higher about 27.5% than that of aluminum rectangular plate reinforced by carbon. The modal experiment indicated that the 1st modal shape, 2nd modal shape, 3rd modal shape and 4th modal shape of the sandwich composite rectangular plate were torsional vibration, flexural vibration shape, torsional flexural vibration and double-flexural vibration separately. It was found the calculating precision of FEA dynamic predication was very high, the dynamic predicating results by FEA could provide fundamental data to the optimal design high speed reciprocating sandwich composite rectangular parts.