In order to investigate the effect of different reinforcement structure on the dynamic characteristics of sandwich structure composite plates used for manufacturing the high speed reciprocating motion composite components, four kinds of paulownia wood sandwich composite test specimens with dimensions of 350×83.5×9.5mm was designed and made by hand lay-up performing and press molding technology. The woven and 2D braiding fabric prepreg were both selected as top face and inner face materials , respectively, and the carbon fiber woven fabric prepreg was chosen as inner part materials. According to the impulse response modal test method, a modal test system was established. It was found that this kind of sandwich structure composite plate has bigger natural frequency value, it’s minimum natural frequency was about 609.77Hz that could meet the requirement for high speed reciprocating motion parts. The dynamic test results shown that the natural frequency of F2BAF-IUC-CPW sample is higher t about 11.17% at least, selecting 2D integral braiding pipe fabric as top face and inner face reinforced materials could effectively improve the dynamic properties of sandwich composite rectangular plates. The modal experiments indicated that the modal shapes of sandwich composite plate specimen with four kind reinforcement structures were identical, it’s 1st modal shape, 2nd modal shape and 3rd modal shape presented torsional vibration shape, flexural vibration shape and torsional flexural vibration shape, separately, the modal shapes of sandwich composite plate specimen were not obviously affected by reinforcement structure.