Environmental Toxicity Testing in the Risk Assessment of a Metal Contaminated Abandoned Mining Site in Hungary


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A three tiered, iterative Environmental Risk Assessment methodology, including preliminary Qualitative Risk Assessment, Quantitative Hazard Assessment and Site Specific Quantitative Risk Assessment, was established to assess the environmental risk of point and diffuse pollution of mining origin at catchment scale [1]. The model site was an abandoned Pb and Zn sulphide ore mine in Gyöngyösoroszi, Toka-valley, NE Hungary [2]. The Integrated Risk Model considers the sources identified by the GIS-based (Geographical Information System) pollution map, the transport routes shown by the GIS-based flow accumulation model and the receptors of different land uses in the catchment. The site-specific quantitative risk was characterised by the Soil Testing Triad [3]. The three elements of the Triad are: physico-chemical analyses of the soil and the contaminants, the biological characterisation and ecotoxicity testing of the contaminated soil, measuring the response of single species in laboratory bioassays, the natural response of the soil microflora and plants or the dynamic response of the whole soil in microcosms. The Triad approach strongly supports the characterisation of the site specific risk as well as the selection and planning of the suitable remediation option.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 20-21)

Edited by:

Axel Schippers, Wolfgang Sand, Franz Glombitza and Sabine Willscher




K. Gruiz et al., "Environmental Toxicity Testing in the Risk Assessment of a Metal Contaminated Abandoned Mining Site in Hungary", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 20-21, pp. 193-196, 2007

Online since:

July 2007




[1] K. Gruiz, E. Vaszita, and Z. Siki: CD ConSoil, Bordeaux, Eds. O. Uhlmann, G.J. Annokkée, F. Arendt (2005), p.2568.

[2] Information on http: /www. difpolmine. org.

[3] K. Gruiz: Soil Remediation Series No 6., edited by Fabio Fava; Peitro Canepa, ISBN: 88-88214-33-X, INCA, Italy (2005) p.45.

[4] K. Gruiz and M. Vodicska: Contaminated Soil '93, edited by F. Arendt, G.J. Annokkée, R. Bosman and W.J. van den Brink, Kluwer Academic Publ., The Netherlands (1993), p.931.

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-2018-0

[5] R. Dobler, P. Burri, K. Gruiz, H. Brandl and R. Bachofen: J. Soils Sediments Vol. 1 (3) (2001), p.151.

[6] B. Horváth, K. Gruiz, and B. Sára: Toxicol. and Environm. Chemistry Vol. 58 (1997) p.223.

[7] K. Gruiz, B. Horváth, M. Molnár, and E. Sipter: ConSoil, 2000, Th. Telford, Leipzig (2000), p.662.

[8] K. Gruiz, B. Horváth, M. Molnár: Environmental toxicology (HU), (Mőegyetemi Kiadó, Budapest 2000) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1 % A 2 % A 5 % A 1 % B 2 % B 5 % B % Zn Cd.

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