Environmental Risk Management of an Abandoned Mining Site in Hungary
An Environmental Risk Management methodology was developed for the Toka catchment area, an abandoned base metal mining site in Gyöngyösoroszi, Hungary. The postmining activities on the Hungarian site require the management of both the point and diffuse sources. The mobile Cd and Zn content of the mine waste, soil and sediment transported by water pose the highest environmental risk in the area. The approach is „GIS based” (Geographical Information System) and „catchment scale”, using a three tiered, iterative Environmental Risk Assessment methodology. The model parameters of the metal transport were determined in leaching microcosms. The risk reduction concept aims at reducing the runoff water quantity and contamination by removal of the point sources and chemical & phytostabilisation of the residual and diffuse pollution. The planning of the field application was based on the results of the stabilisation microcosms.
Axel Schippers, Wolfgang Sand, Franz Glombitza and Sabine Willscher
K. Gruiz et al., "Environmental Risk Management of an Abandoned Mining Site in Hungary", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 20-21, pp. 221-225, 2007