Reduction of Soluble and Solid Ferric Iron by Acidiphilium SJH
Facultative Fe(III)-reducing bacterium Acidiphilium SJH was incubated in media with ferric iron under various conditions with respect to oxygen availability for the growing cells. The bacteria oxidized organic substratum to carbon dioxide using oxygen and ferric iron as terminal electron acceptors. Ferric iron reduction was observed in all incubation modes. The distribution of reducing equivalents from the oxidation of organic carbon for the reduction of both O2 and Fe(III) was evaluated from CO2 production rate and O2 consumption rate. In fully aerobic conditions approximately 10 % of CO2 produced was coupled with reduction of Fe(III) as terminal electron acceptor. Under aerobic conditions, the ratio of CO2 produced to O2 consumed remained unaffected in a broad concentration range of dissolved oxygen. In the course of oxygen limitation (microaerobic conditions) the molar CO2 to O2 ratio increased from approx. 1 to 2 and even much more with respect to oxygen transfer rate during incubation. On the other hand no bacterial growth and extremely slow iron reduction was observed in obligatory anaerobic conditions in a reactor purged with either pure or CO2-enriched nitrogen.
Axel Schippers, Wolfgang Sand, Franz Glombitza and Sabine Willscher
A. Vašková and D. Kupka, "Reduction of Soluble and Solid Ferric Iron by Acidiphilium SJH", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 20-21, pp. 497-500, 2007