Improving the straightness accuracy of bending workpieces becomes an urgent problem for the development of bending equipment with large size and high precision. In order to obtain the characteristics of slider deformation, a three-dimensional finite element model was developed according to the mechanic characteristics of large-scale press brake and obtained the small deformation using FEM (finite element method). The numerical results are in good agreement with the experimentation. Then based on the simulation results we design a large-scale mechanical crowning system through which the press brake could be automatically compensated in the bend direction by means of a CNC (Computer Numerical Control)-powered motor and could also be compensated for local parts by adjusting the side screw nuts manually. The system has been successfully applied in production and its accuracy was increased 33% compared with the traditional ones. It is proved that the present investigation can provide a technical support and reliable system for the improvement of accuracy of the press brakes.