The potential to remove xylenol orange (XO) from aqueous solutions through adsorption on γ-cyclodextrin-grafted carboxymethyl cellulose (CCMC) was investigated in batch experiments. The effects of contact time, adsorption temperature and initial XO concentration were discussed. Results of batch experiments showed that CCMC exhibited some sorption capacities towards XO. It was found that isotherm fitted Languir and Freundlich models for the adsorption of XO on CCMC. On the basis of the Langmuir analysis, the maximum adsorption capacities were determined to be 29.9, 27.1, 21.9, 16.2 and 16.1 mg of XO per gram of CCMC at 283, 288, 293, 298 and 303K, respectively. The negative values of free energy change indicated the spontaneous nature of adsorption.