Study on Microscopic Mechanism for Sand Particles Lift-Off
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method is used to simulate the lift-off phenomenon of sand particles in the air flow. Whether the sand particles make any form of movement in the air flow, firstly, they always jump into the air from a standstill condition, so it is helpfull to understand the saltation mechanism of sand particles. Because the computitional region is discreted into particles in the SPH method, the movement of each particle can represent the machnical behavior of sand particles if the particle dispersion has the same characteristic with the sand particles. The foundmental theory of SPH method and its key elements are reviewed in detail, such as the kernel function, the choice of smoothing length and their influence on the numerical simulation results.In this study a numerical simulation model of wind-blown sand two-phase flow using SPH model is proposed and then the model is discreted to simulate the take-off process of sand particles with adquate boundary conditions. Simulation results show that the proposed model can be used to simulate the dynamic characteristics of sand particles in lift-off.
A. F. Jin et al., "Study on Microscopic Mechanism for Sand Particles Lift-Off", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 211-212, pp. 1147-1151, 2011